National Parks in India

Complete List of National Parks in India

India has some of the world’s most beautiful and unique wildlife parks. Its national parks showcase the country’s rich natural history. From the famous Ranthambore tigers to the stunning scenery of the Himalayas, these parks have something for everyone. We’ll examine what makes these protected places unique and why all wildlife lovers should plan a trip there in 2024. Get ready to be amazed by the beautiful nature in India!

India is lucky to have over 100 national parks, each with its environment, plants, and animals. These protected places keep endangered species safe and give people a chance to reconnect with nature. These national parks in India have something for everyone, from people who love to watch birds to people who like to take pictures of nature. Let’s explore the specifics and discover what makes these natural gems unique.

What Are National Parks, and Why Are They Important?

National parks are protected areas established by the government to conserve and preserve unique natural landscapes, ecosystems, and wildlife. They play a crucial role in protecting endangered species, maintaining ecological balance, and promoting environmental education and research. In India, national parks are governed by the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, which aims to safeguard the country’s rich biodiversity.

List of National Parks in India

Year of Establishment        Name of National ParkState
1936Jim Corbett National ParkUttarakhand
1955Kanha National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1955Tadoba National ParkMaharashtra
1959Madhav National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1968Bandhavgarh National ParkMP
1974Kaziranga National ParkAssam
1974Bandipur National ParkKarnataka
1974Bannerghatta National ParkKarnataka
1975Gir National ParkGujarat
1975Gugamal National ParkMaharashtra
1975Navegaon National ParkMaharashtra
1975Pench National ParkMP
1976Blackbuck National ParkGujarat
1976Guindy National ParkTamil Nadu
1977Keibul-Lamjao National ParkManipur
1977Khangchendzonga National ParkSikkim
1977Dudhwa National ParkUttar Pradesh
1978Eravikulam National ParkKerala
1979Vansda National ParkGujarat
1979Van Vihar National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1980Simlipal National ParkOdisha
1980Ranthambore National ParkRajasthan
1980Gulf of Mannar Marine National ParkTamil Nadu
1981Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National ParkChhattisgarh
1981Dachigam National ParkJammu & Kashmir
1981Hemis National ParkJammu & Kashmir
1981Kishtwar National ParkJammu & Kashmir
1981Panna National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1981Sanjay National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1981Satpura National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1981Keoladeo Ghana National ParkRajasthan
1982Indravati National ParkChhattisgarh
1982Kanger Valley National ParkChhattisgarh
1982Marine National ParkGujarat
1982Periyar National ParkKerala
1982Nanda Devi National ParkUttarakhand
1982Valley of Flowers National ParkUttarakhand
1983Mahatma Gandhi Marine National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1983Namdapha National ParkArunachal Pradesh
1983Fossil National ParkMadhya Pradesh
1983Sanjay Gandhi National ParkMaharashtra
1983Rajaji National ParkUttarakhand
1984Great Himalayan National ParkHimachal Pradesh
1984Silent Valley National ParkKerala
1984Sunderban National ParkWest Bengal
1985Balpakram National ParkMeghalaya
1986Mouling National ParkArunachal Pradesh
1986Betla National ParkJharkhand
1986Nokrek Ridge National ParkMeghalaya
1986Neora Valley National ParkWest Bengal
1986Singalila National ParkWest Bengal
1987Middle Button Island National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1987Mount Harriet National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1987North Button Island National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1987Saddle Peak National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1987South Button Island National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1987Pin Valley National ParkHimachal Pradesh
1987Anshi National ParkKarnataka
1987Kudremukh National ParkKarnataka
1988Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) National ParkKarnataka
1988Bhitarkanika National ParkOdisha
1989Sri Venkateswara National ParkAndhra Pradesh
1989Valmiki National ParkBihar
1989Sultan National ParkHaryana
1989Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National ParkTamil Nadu
1989Gangotri National ParkUttarakhand
1990Manas National ParkAssam
1990Mudumalai National ParkTamil Nadu
1990Mukurthi National ParkTamil Nadu
1990Govind National ParkUttarakhand
1991Murlen National ParkMizoram
1992Campbell Bay National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1992Galathea Bay National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1992Mollem National ParkGoa
1992City Forest (Salim Ali) National ParkJammu and Kashmir
1992Phawngpui Blue Mountain National ParkMizoram
1992Desert National ParkRajasthan
1992Sariska National ParkRajasthan
1992Buxa National ParkWest Bengal
1992Gorumara National ParkWest Bengal
1993Intanki National ParkNagaland
1994Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National ParkTelangana
1994Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali National ParkTelangana
1994Mrugavani National ParkTelangana
1996Rani Jhansi Marine National ParkAndaman & Nicobar Islands
1998Nameri National ParkAssam
1999Dibru-Saikhowa National ParkAssam
1999Rajiv Gandhi Orang National ParkAssam
2003Kalesar National ParkHaryana
2003Anamudi Shola National ParkKerala
2003Mathikettan Shola National ParkKerala
2003Pampadum Shola National ParkKerala
2004Chandoli National ParkMaharashtra
2005Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National ParkAndhra Pradesh
2006Mukundra Hills National ParkRajasthan
2007Clouded Leopard National ParkTripura
2007Bison National ParkTripura
2008Papikonda National ParkAndhra Pradesh
2010Inderkilla National ParkHimachal Pradesh
2010Khirganga National ParkHimachal Pradesh
2010Simbalbara National ParkHimachal Pradesh
2014Jaldapara National ParkWest Bengal

The Role of National Parks in Conservation

National parks are places that the government secures to keep unique natural ecosystems, landscapes, and animals safe. They are essential for keeping the ecosystem balanced, protecting endangered species, and encouraging study and education about the environment. The Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 governs national parks in India. Its goal is to protect the country’s many plants and animals.

Key Points to Remember for Exam, Interview

  • Total Number: India boasts over 100 national parks across different states and territories.
  • Oldest National Park: Established in 1936, Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand is the oldest national park in India.
  • Largest National Park: Hemis National Park in Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir, is the largest national park in India, covering an area of over 4,400 square kilometres.
  • Tiger Reserves: Many national parks double as tiger reserves, aiming to protect and conserve the endangered Bengal tiger. These reserves are crucial for the conservation of India’s national animals.
  • UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Several national parks in India, including Kaziranga, Keoladeo, and Sundarbans National Parks, have been designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites for their outstanding natural value.
  • Biosphere Reserves: Some national parks are also part of UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme, recognizing their significance in maintaining biodiversity and ecological balance.
  • Endangered Species: National parks serve as habitats for various endangered and vulnerable species, such as the Great Indian one-horned rhinoceros in Kaziranga and the Asiatic lion in Gir National Park.
  • Tiger Population: India is home to most of the world’s wild tiger population, and many national parks actively participate in tiger conservation efforts through monitoring, anti-poaching measures, and habitat restoration.
  • Tourism Revenue: National parks contribute significantly to the tourism industry, generating revenue for local communities and supporting livelihoods through eco-tourism activities like safari tours, birdwatching, and nature trails.
  • Challenges: Despite their protected status, national parks face numerous challenges, including habitat destruction, encroachment, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict. These require constant vigilance and conservation efforts by government authorities and conservation organizations.

In Summary

Indian national parks are real gems that let people reconnect with nature, see amazing animals, and enjoy the country’s wide range of plants and animals. From the Himalayas’ snow-capped peaks to the Western Ghats’ lush rainforests, these parks let you discover a wide range of landscapes and types of life.

This piece discussed why national parks are important, the best parks to see in India, and the different kinds of plants and animals that live in these protected areas. We’ve also discussed the role of national parks in protecting wildlife, how to be a responsible tourist, and the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead for these natural wonders.


What is the difference between a national park and a wildlife sanctuary?

A national park is a government-run protected area where wildlife and natural resources are kept safe. A wildlife refuge, on the other hand, is a place where animals and their homes are kept secure.

Which is the largest national park in India?

The Hemis National Park in Jammu and Kashmir is India’s biggest national park. This wild area covers more than 4,400 square kilometres and is home to many plants and animals, including the hard-to-find snow leopard. Because of its rough landscape, high mountains, and deep valleys, it is an excellent place for nature and wildlife lovers.

Which is the smallest national park in India?

Even though South Button Island National Park is surrounded by wildlife and beauty, it is often forgotten because it is so tiny. This national park in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands covers only 0.03 square kilometres, but it has as much marine life as some much bigger parks. It’s only a tiny area but home to many coral reefs, fish, molluscs, and other sea creatures.

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