MBBS Full Form in Medical

What is MBBS Full Form in Medical?

Are you interested in becoming a doctor? Do you dream of helping people and making a difference in the world? If so, you’ll need to pursue an MBBS medical degree, which stands for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. In this article, we’ll explore what the MBBS full form means, what NEET is, and everything you need to know about studying medical education in India.

What is the Full Form of MBBS?

The complete form of MBBS is a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. It is an undergraduate degree that trains students to become doctors or physicians.

This degree program combines classroom study of anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry with hands-on clinical training in hospitals and healthcare centres. Students get to learn both the theoretical knowledge and practical skills required to practice medicine.

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What is NEET, and Why is it Important?

NEET stands for National Eligibility cum Entrance Test. It is an all-India pre-medical entrance test that is mandatory for admission into undergraduate medical (MBBS) and dental courses at medical colleges across India.

The NEET exam is very competitive, as only students who score highly can get into the country’s best government and private medical colleges. Candidates must prepare rigorously for this important entrance test to pursue the MBBS at a top institution.

Am I Eligible to Take the MBBS Course?

To be eligible for admission to MBBS program, the candidate must have completed 10+2 (or equivalent) from a recognized board with core subjects in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Many colleges also require students to score above a certain percentage in their 12th board exams.

In addition, students need to qualify for the medical entrance examination, NEET (NEET UG Exam), by scoring above the designated cut-off marks. The eligibility criteria regarding age, marks, and reservation policies vary slightly between medical colleges and states.

What are the Top Medical Colleges in India?

Some of the most prestigious and top-ranked medical colleges in India include:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi
  • Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore
  • Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
  • Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune
  • Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC), New Delhi

Getting into these top government colleges is highly competitive due to their excellent reputation, faculty, infrastructure, and limited MBBS seats.

How Long Does an MBBS Program Take?

The MBBS course is typically 5.5 years long, followed by one year of compulsory rotating internship. Thus, it takes around 6.5 years to become a fully qualified doctor after completing an MBBS program in India.

The first four years involve classroom teaching and learning different medical subjects. The last 1.5 years have focused on practical clinical training in hospitals and health centers under expert supervision.

What Will I Study in an MBBS Course?

The MBBS syllabus is extensive, covering all aspects of modern medicine. Some of the main subjects taught include:

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology
  • Pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Forensic Medicine
  • Community Medicine
  • General Medicine
  • General Surgery
  • Obstetrics & Gynecology
  • Pediatrics

Students will learn the theory behind these subjects through lectures and practical clinical skills through interactive training in laboratories, hospitals, and rural health camps.

What Opportunities Exist After Earning an MBBS Degree?

After completing the MBBS program, students become eligible to practice medicine as physicians or surgeons at clinics, hospitals, health centers, and other healthcare facilities.

However, many MBBS graduates choose to specialize in specific branches of medicine further by pursuing postgraduate degrees like MD (Doctor of Medicine) or MS (Master of Surgery). These PG medical specialties include internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology, dermatology, radiology, anesthesiology, etc.

How Do I Get Admitted to an MBBS Course?

To get admission into an MBBS after clearing NEET, students must apply to the medical colleges of their choice through designated counseling processes. The admission process can differ for government, private, state, or all-India quotas for MBBS seats and colleges.

Generally, admissions are granted based on the NEET rank/score and available MBBS seats after factoring in criteria like state reservations, EWS quotas, etc. The fees for private medical colleges also tend to be substantially higher.

What is the Difference Between Government and Private Medical Colleges?

There are some key differences between studying MBBS at a government versus private medical institute:

Government Colleges:

  • More affordable fees
  • Extremely competitive admissions
  • Often have attached hospitals for training
  • Fewer facilities/infrastructure compared to private

Private Colleges:

  • Require higher fees
  • Better facilities and infrastructure
  • Latest technology and equipment
  • More focus on individual attention

Both government and private colleges award the same MBBS degree upon graduation, but the admission process, fees, and available resources can vary significantly.

What is the Admission Process for Top MBBS Colleges?

For the most prestigious government MBBS colleges like AIIMS and others, admissions are based solely on the NEET rank and a separate college entrance exam.

Students in the top 1-2% of NEET rankers get admission calls from these colleges through counseling rounds governed by procedures like:

  • State quotas and reservation policies
  • Institutional/special quotas for specific categories
  • Fee payment and document verification processes

Getting into the top 20 MBBS colleges is the biggest challenge due to their limited number of undergraduate seats.

In Summary

The full form of MBBS is a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, an undergraduate degree that trains students to become medical professionals practicing medicine and surgery.

The NEET entrance exam is mandatory for securing MBBS admission in any medical college across India. Qualifying with a high NEET score and ranking is crucial for entering prestigious government and private medical institutes.

The MBBS course imparts comprehensive theoretical knowledge and clinical training in all major fields of medicine over 5.5 years. After earning this degree, graduates can opt for higher specializations like MD/MS or start practicing medicine directly.

While government colleges are more affordable, private medical colleges provide better facilities and infrastructure. The admission process for top MBBS colleges is highly competitive based on NEET ranks and college entrance exams.


Is NEET mandatory for MBBS admission?

Clearing the NEET exam is mandatory for admission into MBBS and other undergraduate medical courses at all medical colleges across India.

What are the eligibility criteria for MBBS?

Students must have completed 10+2 with PCB and English, scored above eligibility marks in 12th, and qualified NEET to be eligible for MBBS.

Which are the top MBBS colleges in India?

AIIMS New Delhi, CMC Vellore, AFMC Pune, MAMC Delhi, and Kasturba Medical College Manipal are India’s most prestigious MBBS colleges.

How many years does an MBBS course take?

The MBBS course comprises 5.5 years of classroom and clinical study, followed by one year of compulsory rotating internship. Thus, the degree takes about 6.5 years to earn.

Is MBBS a good career option?

Yes, MBBS is an excellent career choice for those wishing to serve society by working in medicine. Doctors play a crucial role in diagnosing and treating illnesses.

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